Twenty-third Amendment

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Executive Reform Act
Coatofarms.png
Central Committee
An act to reform the executive branch of the government, to further separate the branches and to introduce a specific position of Deputy General Secretary
Citation LA0CO23
Date passed July 3, 2018
Date signed July 5, 2018
Signed by Approved at Referendum
Date commenced July 8, 2018
Administered by The Central Committee, The Executive Government
Introduced by Lewis Flood (co-written Nathaniel Penrose)
Summary
Creates the elected position of Deputy General Secretary, and introduces several reforms to the executive.
Status: Current legislation

23rd Constitutional Amendment (Executive Reform and Separation Amendment 2018)

An act to reform the executive branch of the government, to further separate the branches and to introduce a specific position of Deputy General Secretary

Now, therefore, BE IT ENACTED by the order of the glorious Constitution of this People's Republic, by and with the advice and consent of the democratically elected representatives of the Central Committee, in holding the public mandate, in this present committee assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows-

Article I - Short Title

(1) This act may be cited as the “23rd Constitutional Amendment” or the “Executive Reform Act.”

Article II - Definitions

(2) “Principal Act” refers to the act here presented.

Article III - Constitutional Changes

(3) Article II shall be re-named from “The General Secretary and Premier of The Communist Bloc” to “The General Secretary and the Executive”.

(4) Article II shall be amended to read, in its entirety:

(1) The Head of State of the People’s Republic of The Communist Bloc shall be the General Secretary, who shall serve a term of 60 days.

(2) The General Secretary shall be assisted in their day-to-day duties by a Deputy, who shall assist in leading the Cabinet. They shall be directly elected to a term concurrent with the General Secretary, in a separate poll. They may not be unilaterally dismissed by the General Secretary. The Deputy General Secretary may not be the same person as the Premier.

(3) If the General Secretary resigns or is otherwise incapable of holding their office, then the Deputy General Secretary shall succeed them. The Premier shall follow the Deputy General Secretary in the line of succession.

(4) The General Secretary shall represent The Communist Bloc within NationStates. The General Secretary shall serve as Commander-in-Chief of The Communist Bloc’s armed forces. Their Deputy shall be made a member of the command staff of the armed forces for the length of their tenure.

(5) The General Secretary, with the advice and consent of their Deputy, may issue Executive Orders that shall be recognized equally with legislation passed by the Central Committee. The Central Committee may repeal any Executive Order with a simple majority. No Executive Order may amend this document. No Executive Order may make provisions to restrict amendment or repeal of any Executive Orders from either the Central Committee or the General Secretary themselves.

(6) The General Secretary shall have the right to veto legislation, but such a veto can be overturned by a three-fourths majority vote in the Central Committee.

(7) The General Secretary may declare a State of Emergency with the advice and consent of their Deputy, and with a 2/3 majority approval of the Central Committee.

(8) The General Secretary shall preside over and determine the composition of the government, and as such, may create and abolish ministries with the advice of the Deputy General Secretary.

(9) The General Secretary can, with the approval of the Central Committee, resign and force the dissolution of the Central Committee before the end of its proscribed term.

(10) The General Secretary shall be responsible for appointing the World Assembly delegate of The Communist Bloc, with the advice of their Deputy, and direct the people to endorse them. The General Secretary may appoint themselves as the WA delegate.

(11) Should the General Secretary be elected as member of the Central Committee, or a Central Committee member as General Secretary, they shall resign from one of the two positions. They may choose which position to resign from. Their Deputy may be a member of the Central Committee, but must relinquish their seat if becoming General Secretary.

(5) Article III shall be appended, and all subsequent articles correctly numbered, with the title “The Premier”. It shall read:

(1) The Central Committee shall elect a member from among their ranks to serve as Premier. The Premier must achieve a 2/3rds vote of approval within the Central Committee to assume the office of Premier. The Premier's term shall end with the Central Committee’s term.

(2) The Premier shall serve as the Chairman of the Central Committee. The Premier shall conduct all votes among Committee members and ensure all internal regulation is followed. The Premier shall serve as a member of the Cabinet.

(3) The General Secretary shall appoint an Interim Chair to oversee the election of the new Premier. This position may not open votes for proposals nor have the constitutional normal powers afforded to the Premier. The Interim Chair may only serve to open and close the Premier Votes, and institute the options stated in Section 5 in the event of a deadlock.

(4) The Premier shall be a politically neutral position. The incumbent is prohibited from showing any favor toward or accepting the orders from any political party and its leadership. The Premier may still retain memberships and positions in political parties.

(5) If the Central Committee is at a deadlock for the selection of the Premier, the Interim Chair (the definitions of which are stated in Article III, Section 3) shall have the options to instate and oversee one of the following options:

  • The required threshold will be lowered to a simple majority, and the committee will choose between the three individuals that received the most amount of votes in the election. This will be followed by a public referendum of confirmation for the selected nominee.
  • The General Secretary will have full discretion in selecting a Premier for this term of the Central Committee. The General Secretary may only be allowed to choose from the Central Committee Members that received the most, second most, and third most votes in most recent the Central Committee election.
  • The Interim Chair shall ask the General Secretary to pass a vote of no confidence in the abilities of the current Central Committee (the General Secretary shall be obligated to accept).

(6) Article V shall have a new section appended after Section 5, and all following sections shall be re-numbered accordingly. It shall read:

the Central Committee followed by a public referendum, or censure by the General Secretary followed by a public referendum. If the government is dissolved, both the General Secretary and their Deputy shall be removed from office.

Article IV - Modified Sections from the Constitution

(4) The Premier shall be the assistant to the General Secretary, and take the place of them if the General Secretary resigns, or is inactive for a period of time longer than two weeks.

(5) If the Premier becomes the General Secretary due to resignation or inactivity, the new General Secretary may select a member of the Central Committee to serve as the Premier.

(6) The General Secretary shall represent The Communist Bloc within NationStates. The General Secretary shall serve as Commander-in-Chief of The Communist Bloc’s armed forces.

(7) The General Secretary may issue Executive Orders with the advice of the Premier that shall be recognized equally with legislation passed by the Central Committee. The Central Committee may repeal any Executive Order with a simple majority. No Executive Order may amend this document.

(8) The General Secretary shall preside over and determine the composition of the government, and as such, may create and abolish ministries at will.

(9) The General Secretary may declare a State of Emergency with the advice of the Premier, and with the 2/3 approval of the Central Committee.

(12) The General Secretary shall be responsible for appointing the World Assembly delegate of The Communist Bloc and direct the people to endorse them. The General Secretary can appoint themselves as the WA delegate.

(13) Should the General Secretary be elected as member of the Central Committee, or a Central Committee member as General Secretary, they shall resign from one of the two positions. They may choose which position to resign from.

Article V - Non-Constitutional Provisions

(7) The General Secretary is prohibited from showing any favor toward or accepting the orders from any political party and its leadership, and must immediately resign any current party membership, and serve out their term as a neutral party.

(8) The General Secretary shall establish some form of public suggestion box that the residents may put forward proposals to, and directly petition the executive branch of Government. The GS, or a representative of the executive branch shall be required to answer any query posted within 48hrs.

(8) Upon election, the General Secretary shall be required to seek the direct approval of the public, by means of a Yes/No vote, on their Cabinet appointments.

(9) The Deputy General Secretary is not subject to the restraints barring the General Secretary from holding a Central Committee seat nor the laws binding the executive to political neutrality as stated in Article V, Section 1.

(10) During the concurrent election periods for General Secretary and Deputy General Secretary, candidates for either office may not declare their support for or promote another candidate for the other office.

(11) Executive Order 14 is hereby repealed in its entirety.

Article VI - Schedule

(12) The principal act shall come into force upon the beginning of the General Secretary election following the passage of the Central Committee with a 2/3rds majority and public referendum.

(Written by Lewis Kuznetsov-Flood & Nathaniel Penrose)