|Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment 2018|
|A bill aimed at instituting broad judicial reform.|
|Date passed||January 13, 2018|
|Date signed||January 16, 2018|
|Signed by||Approved at Referendum|
|Date commenced||January 18, 2018|
|Administered by||The People's Tribunal|
|Restructured the People's Tribunal|
|Status: Applied to Constitution at Time|
Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment(Judicial Reform Act and Amendments 2018)
A bill aimed at instituting broad judicial reform.
Now, therefore, BE IT ENACTED by the order of the glorious Constitution of this People's Republic, by and with the advice and consent of the democratically elected representatives of the Central Committee of the Communist Bloc, in holding the public mandate, in this present committee assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows-
ARTICLE I - Short Title
(1) This act may be cited as the “Judicial Reforms 2018”.
ARTICLE II - Definitions
(2) “People’s Tribunal” shall refer to the sole permanent judicial body of the Communist Bloc.
(3) “Justice” shall refer to a member of the People’s Tribunal.
ARTICLE III - Constitutional Amendments
(4) Article V, Section 6 of the Constitution shall be amended to read:
(6) The Tribunal will be led by an internally selected Chief Justice, who
the Head Administrator. The Head Administratorwill oversee the Tribunal and may assign cases to an Administrator Justicewho will act as the lead member of a trial and moderate proceedings.
(5) Article V, Section 7 of the Constitution shall be amended to read:
(7) The People's Tribunal shall consist of five members
, which must include the Head Administrator, at least one Central Committee member, and a maximum of three other citizens. Anyone can nominate a Central Committee member or citizen to be a member of the Court when a seat is vacant, and nominees shall be approved by public votewho will be elected by the people every six months. Should a Tribunal member act in a manner unbecoming of their position or cease activity for a period of over two weeks the citizens may hold a referendum to recall that member.
(6) Article V, Section 8 of the Constitution shall be removed entirely and replaced:
The Central Committee members or citizen(s) must not occupy an Administration position.All Justices on the Tribunal shall be required to resign any party memberships and positions and identify as independent for the duration of their term, including Central Committee members who concurrently hold membership on the Tribunal.
(7) The current Article V, Section 11 shall be removed in its entirety. Subsequent sections shall be renumbered appropriately.
(11) When forming a Quorum, at least one member must be a sitting member of the Central Committee.
(8) Article V, Section 12 shall be amended to read:
(12) It is the responsibility of the
administratorJustice assigned to lead the trial to form the required Quorum.
(9) Article V, Section 13 shall be amended to read:
(13) The Central Committee may motion for the impeachment of a Tribunal member due to misconduct or inactivity which must pass with
3 / 42 / 3 in favour. The impeached member may not be reappointed for at least one month.
ARTICLE IV - Establishment of the Law Office (Non-Amendment)
(10) The Law Office shall hereby be established.
(11) The Law Office will function in a manner similar to that of the civil services. Its goal will be to provide citizens with access to a volunteer lawyer.
(12) The Law Office may be led by an Attorney General, to be appointed by the General Secretary.
ARTICLE V - Schedule
(13) The Establishment of the Law Office shall come into force immediately upon passage of the Central Committee with the signature of the General Secretary.
(14) The Constitutional Amendments shall come into force immediately upon passage of the Central Committee with a two-thirds majority and a public referendum.
(Proposed and written by M.M.)